on Fri May 22 11:43:18 2020
I am working on improving the M train article on Wikipedia, and want to fill in some gaps in its history, and get better sources. It has been remarkably hard for me to find sources and information on this. Maybe there is information in old ERA Bulletins that could be of use. SLRT and Elkeeper have made excellent posts about old BRT/BMT history, so perhaps either of you can help me. Also, Eric B wrote his subway route history page, so perhaps you can help me. Any help would be much appreciated. Below is what I have so far. Some of this information is unsourced, and I would appreciate it if any of you could help with that.
In terms of history, this is what I have:
- Service over the Myrtle Avenue—Broadway connection inaugurated on July 29, 1914
Thu, Jun 30, 1921 – 26 · The Chat (Brooklyn, New York) · Newspapers.com
- Evening expresses started skipping Broadway in 1916, making their first stop at Central Avenue.
- In 1920, trains ran express from Bowery to Myrtle Avenue.
- At some point, trains started skipping Broadway, and began making their first stop in Brooklyn at Central Avenue, or maybe Fresh Pond Road?
Sat, Nov 29, 1924 – 25 · The Chat (Brooklyn, New York) · Newspapers.com
Sat, Feb 23, 1924 – 1 · The Chat (Brooklyn, New York) · Newspapers.com
- The number 10 was assigned to the service in 1924. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- According to SLRT, "Midday and Sunday service began in January 1924. On January 14, service began operating during middays, and until 8:01 pm from Chambers Street. Service on Saturday middays until 8:58 from Chambers Street started on January 19, and service on Sunday started on January 20, leaving Metropolitan Avenue from 12:27 to 10:27 p.m, and leaving Chambers Street from 1 to 11 p.m.. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- The BMT proposed eliminating service between 9:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. following the opening of the 14th Street—Eastern District Line in 1928. Due to opposition, it was not implemented. This change was proposed again in 1931 as ridership on the route was drastically reduced.
- In June 1933, Sunday service was eliminated. (SOURCE AND SPECIFIC DATE NEEDED)
- According to the September 1937 map, trains operated on weekdays and Saturdays from early morning until early evening, and ran express on Broadway during rush hours and and Saturday afternoon in the peak direction.
- According to the 1939 BMT map, service operated on weekdays, leaving Metropolitan from 5:53 a.m. to 7:37 p.m., and on Saturdays from 5:52 a.m. to 8:21 p.m.. Trains ran express between Myrtle and Essex in the peak direction, and on Saturdays ran express eastbound between 12:25 and 6:40 p.m. from Chambers Street.
- On June 28, 1952, Saturday service began running local. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- On June 28, 1958, Saturday service was discontinued. (Source: Linder, Bernard (August 1966). "No. 10 Myrtle Avenue – Chambers Street Express trains begin stopping at Marcy Avenue". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association.)
- On May 26, 1959, midday service was eliminated, making the route, rush-hours only.
- Service had previously operated weekdays from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.
- Trains started stopping Marcy Avenue on February 23, 1960 (Source: Linder, Bernard (August 1966). "No. 10 Myrtle Avenue – Chambers Street Express trains begin stopping at Marcy Avenue". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association.)
- M assigned to the service in 1961, but initially only signed for Bankers Street Specials. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- Officially designated M after the Chrystie Street changes of November 27, 1967, but did not appear until rolling stock with appropriate roll signs arrived to the route. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- Extended from Chambers Street to Broad Street on July 1, 1968
- On October 4, 1969, the Myrtle Avenue Elevated was discontinued south of Myrtle Avenue to Jay Street. To make up for the loss of MJ service, M service was expanded to run during middays, operating weekdays between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m., and a new SS shuttle began running between Myrtle Avenue-Broadway and Metropolitan Avenue at other times.
- Some time between 1969 and 1973, the SS shuttle was folded into the M, and the span of M service was expanded by an hour to 8 p.m. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- On January 2, 1973, the QJ was truncated to Broad Street and renamed the J, and the M was extended during the day to Coney Island to replace it. In addition, its weekday span of service was increased by an hour from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m
- With the discontinuation of K service on August 30, 1976, M express service between Myrtle Avenue and Marcy Avenue ended.
- Starting on April 26, 1986, weekday daytime M service was shifted to the Fourth Avenue Line express and the West End Line, running to Ninth Avenue during middays, and to Bay Parkway during rush hours. The change was made to reduce congestion and delays during a six-month reconstruction of the Brighton Line.
- In 1991 the MTA proposed truncating midday M service from Ninth Avenue to Broad Street during middays to deal with a budget crisis.
- Starting in 1991, M trains began running with short trains at all times except weekdays from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.
- M trains began running local along Fourth Avenue on May 31, 1994, and the N began running express. The change was made on a six-month trial, and was made permanent afterwards.
- Midday service was temporarily truncated to Chambers Street from Ninth Avenue on April 30, 1995 for structural repairs on the Mahattan Bridge.
- This change was made permanent on November 12, 1995, as part of a series of service cuts.
- From April 1997 to August 1997, during late nights and weekends, the M terminated at Essex Street due to reconstruction of Myrtle Avenue. (SOURCE NEEDED)
- Between May 1 and September 1, 1999, M service was split into two sections, with one service operating as a 4-car shuttle between Metropolitan Avenue and Marcy Avenue, and a rush hours only shuttle, also with 4-cars, running between Bay Parkway and Chambers Street.
- Service was extended back to Ninth Avenue during middays, and the span of rush hour service was extended to 10 p.m. from July 23, 2001 to February 22, 2004 due to work on the Manhattan Bridge.
- The span of weekday evening M service to Manhattan was extended to 11:30 p.m. on July 27, 2008.
- On June 28, 2010, M service was merged with the V, and began running via the Chrystie Street Connection, the Sixth Avenue Line, and the Queens Boulevard Line to Forest Hills. Service south of Essex Street was discontinued.
- On June 8, 2014, daytime weekend M service was extended from Myrtle Avenue to Essex Street.